Category Archives: Children’s Health

Steady diet of fast food could hurt kids academically

Are daily trips to Burger King, McDonald’s and Taco Bell preventing your child from becoming an academic all-star?

Researchers have uncovered evidence suggesting there may be a link between daily consumption of fast food and a drop in test scores.

Their findings underscore recommendations from health experts who advise parents to skip the drive thru more often in 2015 and focus instead on meal preparation at home.

“I always recommend that my patients prepare meals in advance to avoid taking the easy route and stopping at fast food restaurants,” says Jamie Portnoy, a registered dietitian and licensed dietitian/nutritionist with Advocate Medical Group-Weight Management Program, which serves Advocate Condell Medical Center in Libertyville, Ill.

“I recommend taking one day out of the week to make a few meals, and placing portions either in the freezer or refrigerator so you can pull them out to reheat for dinner. Even though fast food chains offer some healthy alternatives, we tend to pick the unhealthy options, so it’s best to avoid the drive thru altogether and prepare your own meals.”

For their study, published online this month in Clinical Pediatrics, researchers reviewed questionnaires and test scores of more than 8,500 students. They found fast food consumption during fifth grade predicted lower levels of academic achievement in reading, math and science in eighth grade. This was the case even when variables such as socioeconomic indicators, physical activity and TV watching were taken into account.

In reviewing the questionnaires, the researchers found 29 percent of the children reported eating no fast food during the week before they took the survey; about 51 percent reported eating fast food one to three times per week; 10 percent reported eating fast food four to six times per week; and 10 percent reported eating fast food daily.

The authors of the study wrote that children who reported eating fast food every day experienced the slowest growth in their academic achievement across all three subjects.

“Substantial research suggests that diets high in fat and added sugar – similar to fast food meals – influence learning processes such as attention,” they wrote.

According to nutrition facts from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, healthy eating in childhood and adolescence is important for proper growth and development and can prevent health problems such as obesitytooth decay, iron deficiency and osteoporosis. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains and fat-free and low-fat dairy products for everyone 2 and older. The guidelines also recommend that children, adolescents and adults limit intake of solid fats, cholesterol, sodium, added sugars and refined grains.

Portnoy offers these tips to parents who want to prepare healthier meals for their children:

  • When preparing a meal, always start with the vegetable first, then add on from there.
  • Avoid last-minute rushing by preparing all or part of your meal the night before, if possible.
  • Remember that small portions go a long way.
  • Allow kids to help in the kitchen; hands-on will allow your children to get involved in trying new foods.
  • Use cookie cutters to make fun shapes with sandwiches.
  • Be a good role model by trying new foods yourself.
  • Don’t be discouraged if your child doesn’t like a new food. It may take up to a dozen tries for a child to accept a new food.

Portnoy also suggests these easy meal ideas:

  • Tuna salad, soup and wheat crackers, sliced tomatoes, carrot sticks, pineapple and kiwi slices, skim milk
  • Sliced turkey sandwich on whole wheat bread with lettuce, cucumber and tomato, carrot sticks, chilled orange and banana slices, low-fat pudding
  • Grilled cheese sandwich, tossed salad with low-fat dressing, fresh orange and kiwi slices, vegetable juice
  • Tuna packed in water, pita bread, rye crisp, lettuce, celery, radishes, green peppers, cucumbers, zucchini, orange wedges, low-fat pudding
  • Low-fat cottage cheese and low-fat shredded mozzarella cheese on medium-sized baked potato, tossed salad with green peppers and shredded carrots, bread sticks, fresh pineapple chunks
  • Spaghetti with meat sauce, Parmesan cheese, tossed salad with low-fat dressing and low-fat cheese, garlic bread, steamed zucchini, grapefruit sections
  • Sliced roast beef on bun with mustard, lettuce and tomato, oven-baked fries, cauliflower and broccoli, fresh strawberries, low-fat ice cream
  • Baked chicken breast, medium-sized baked potato, green beans, sliced tomatoes, grapes and skim milk
  • Lean turkey on whole wheat bread with lettuce and tomato, Brussels sprouts, summer squash, animal crackers, apples, skim milk

Original article… 

How to Prevent Asthma

Acnording to Nutritionfacts.org a study involving more than a million kids suggests the striking worldwide variation in childhood rates of allergies, asthma, and eczema is related to diet.

This got my attention because 20 years ago (yes, that long ago!) I read an article along similar lines after I discovered that my own life-long asthma (after 45 years living with asthma like it was an extra, unwanted, limb) was virtually gone.

That article was in the UK Journal Thorax. I can no longer find the article, but this is a followup study published there.

In that original article the authors described their attempts to identify the cause(s) of the dramatic increase in childhood asthma in Britain since the 1960s. They eliminated all the most logical causes, including air pollution (which had improved during those 30 years) and concluded that the only thing that made sense was the dramatic increase in fast food consumption and corresponding decrease in fresh fruit and vegetable consumption.

If you have children with asthma (or related immune system challenges) or are an adult with the same, please watch this video.

Now THAT makes perfect sense! So what happened to me 20 years ago?

I had started taking Juice Plus+ in March 1993. I expected nothing; I only hoped that it would help my marathon running and soccer (I was nutty about both back then!)

Over the next 16 months my diet changed because my cravings changed.  Those little capsules were a ‘trojan horse’ for the green veggies I had never eaten in my entire life. As a result of me eating spinach, broccoli, kale, cabbage, etc. – both in capsules and off my plate – my immune system dramatically improved and my asthma went away.

Once an asthmatic, always an asthmatic (potentially) but my almost 100% remission continues – I am so thankful!

Pediasure – Is this Really What Kids Need to Grow?

Pediasure - are you sure?

Says this Fooducate blogger:

Our 9 year old daughter is very small for her age. She has been falling off the growth charts for the past 5 years. All our kids are small, as my wife and I were in our childhood, so at first we were not too alarmed. We have been to regular appointments with doctors and dietitians in order to assess if our daughter’s situation warrants non-food intervention. In several of these sessions, the health professional recommended Pediasure.

For those of you who don’t know, Pediasure is a liquid nutrition product for kids, manufactured by pharmaceutical giant Abbott. According to the company:

Pediasure is clinically proven to help kids grow … Each delicious shake provides 7g protein and 25 vitamins and minerals. Each kid-approved flavor comes in a reclosable bottle – perfect for kids on the go…and on the grow!

It all sounds good until you dive into the nutrition and ingredient details.

A serving is one cup, and has 240 calories. There are 80 calories from fat, 25 from protein, and the remaining 135 are from carbohydrates. The carb breakdown is just 1 gram of fiber, and 18 grams of sugar. That’s the equivalent of 4.5 teaspoons of sugar. No wonder children love this drink, it’s much sweeter than plain milk!

Here is the ingredient list:

Water, Sugar, Corn Maltodextrin, High Oleic Safflower Oil, Milk Protein Concentrate, Canola Oil, Soy Protein Isolate, Pea Protein Concentrate. Less than 0.5% of the Following: Short-Chain Fructooligosaccharides, Natural & Artificial Flavor, Cellulose Gel, Potassium Chloride, Magnesium Phosphate, Potassium Citrate, Calcium Phosphate, Calcium Carbonate, Tuna Oil, Potassium Phosphate, Cellulose Gum, Choline Chloride, Ascorbic Acid, Soy Lecithin, Monoglycerides, Salt, Potassium Hydroxide, m-Inositol, Carrageenan, Taurine, Ferrous Sulfate, dl-Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate, L-Carnitine, Zinc Sulfate, Calcium Pantothenate, Niacinamide, Manganese Sulfate, Thiamine Chloride Hydrochloride, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Lutein, Cupric Sulfate, Vitamin A Palmitate, Folic Acid, Chromium Chloride, Biotin, Potassium Iodide, Sodium Selenate, Sodium Molybdate, Phylloquinone, Vitamin D3, and Cyanocobalamin.

After water, the most prominent ingredient is sugar! It is followed by cornmaltodextrin (GMO), which is used as a thickener in soft drinks, salad dressings and soups.

The fats in this drink are derived from safflower oil and canola oil (GMO). Can you imagine your child drinking oil in order to help her grow?

The proteins are derived from milk, soy, and peas as isolates and concentrates. This means the original, healthy whole food is deconstructed and highly processed, losing its beneficial nutrients. Milk protein concentrate is a cheap ingredient often imported from China, with little to no quality inspection or regulation.

Not that you would expect it in this product, but the vanilla flavor is entirely fake, added as natural & artificial ingredients.

The laundry list of vitamins and minerals following the main ingredients may seem alluring at first, but the bio-availability of these nutrients is not quite impressive. Isolating specific vitamins and introducing them into the body in pill, liquid, or supplement form does not guarantee they will be absorbed. A large percentage may find its way into your child’s urine.

Parents to picky eaters and small children may become enamored with Pediasure as a quick and easy fix. It may help “fatten up” your child at first. But the dependance it creates can lead to long-term problems including poor eating habits. The clinical trials Abbott refers to were conducted on children at risk for malnutrition, which is not the case in typical American homes.

As for our family, we are seeing a dietitian who is in line with our whole foods philosophy. She is helping us work with our daughter to find the foods that can help her grow while teaching her to eat real food. Examples include extra amounts of avocado (which she loves), varied nut butters (learning to like), and tahini (work in progress).


Most children who eat Juice Plus+ and drink Juice Plus+ Complete not only get great whole food based nutrition, but experience a dramatic change in their cravings, and start to love and eat more whole foods as a result. More… 

Energy Drinks Lead to Insomnia in Athletes

Sprint (photo credit: rscac.co.uk)

We are often ‘preaching’ about the potential dangers of energy drinks, especially as they relate to teens. Excessive amounts have led kids to suffer from caffeine poisoning. There have been several deaths in the US, and multiple emergency room admissions due to energy drink consumption.

A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition looked at the effect of energy drinks on athletes.

“The use of caffeine containing energy drinks has dramatically increased in the last few years, especially in the sport context because of its reported ergogenic effect.”

Ninety athletes were given energy drinks or placebos before a sporting event. Their performance during the event (speed, height of jump, etc…) was measured, as well as their subjective feeling about it.

While the athletes did perform slightly better, and felt it too, there was a problem. They suffered from insomnia, nervousness, and activeness in the hours following consumption. These are well documented side effects of caffeine over-consumption.

American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) website says: Poison centers are urging the public to use caution and common sense when using energy drink products.
Energy drinks contain highly concentrated amounts of sugar, caffeine, and other ingredients. The American Academy of Pediatrics has concluded that “caffeine and other stimulant substances contained in energy drinks have no place in the diets of children and adolescents.”


Healthy energy comes from great nutrition. That’s why our Juice Plus+ and Juice Plus+ Complete are so popular amongst those of all ages wanting peak performance and to live life to the plus+.

Chemical Derived from Broccoli Sprouts Shows Promise in Treating Autism

The intriguing results of a small clinical trial suggest that a chemical derived from broccoli sprouts (sulforaphane) — and best known for claims that it can help prevent certain cancers — may ease classic behavioral symptoms in those with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).

The study was a joint effort by scientists at MassGeneral Hospital for Children and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, involving 40 teenage boys and young men, ages 13 to 27, with moderate to severe autism.

broccolisproutsIn a report published online in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers say that many of those who received a daily dose of the chemical sulforaphane experienced substantial improvements in their social interaction and verbal communication, along with decreases in repetitive, ritualistic behaviors, compared to those who received a placebo.

“We believe that this may be preliminary evidence for the first treatment for autism that improves symptoms by apparently correcting some of the underlying cellular problems,” says Paul Talalay, M.D., professor of pharmacology and molecular sciences, who has researched these vegetable compounds for the past 25 years.

“We are far from being able to declare a victory over autism, but this gives us important insights into what might help,” says co-investigator Andrew Zimmerman, M.D., now a professor of pediatric neurology at UMass Memorial Medical Center.

ASD experts estimate that the group of disorders affects 1 to 2 percent of the world’s population, with a much higher incidence in boys than girls. Its behavioral symptoms, such as poor social interaction and verbal communication, are well known and were first described 70 years ago by Leo Kanner, M.D., the founder of pediatric psychiatry at The Johns Hopkins University.

Unfortunately, its root causes remain elusive, though progress has been made, Talalay says, in describing some of the biochemical and molecular abnormalities that tend to accompany ASD.

Many of these are related to the efficiency of energy generation in cells. He says that studies show that the cells of those with ASD often have high levels of oxidative stress, the buildup of harmful, unintended byproducts from the cell’s use of oxygen that can cause inflammation, damage DNA, and lead to cancer and other chronic diseases.

In 1992, Talalay’s research group discovered that sulforaphane has some ability to bolster the body’s natural defenses against oxidative stress, inflammation and DNA damage. In addition, the chemical later turned out to improve the body’s heat-shock response — a cascade of events used to protect cells from the stress caused by high temperatures, including those experienced when people have fever.

autistic2Intriguingly, he says, about one-half of parents report that their children’s autistic behavior improves noticeably when they have a fever, then reverts back when the fever is gone. In 2007, Zimmerman, a principal collaborator in the current study, tested this anecdotal trend clinically and found it to be true, though a mechanism for the fever effect was not identified.

Because fevers, like sulforaphane, initiate the body’s heat-shock response, Zimmerman and Talalay wondered if sulforaphane could cause the same temporary improvement in autism that fevers do. The current study was designed to find out.

Before the start of the trial, the patients’ caregivers and physicians filled out three standard behavioral assessments: the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC), the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement scale (CGI-I). The assessments measure sensory sensitivities, ability to relate to others, verbal communication skills, social interactions and other behaviors related to autism.
Twenty-six of the subjects were randomly selected to receive, based on their weight, 9 to 27 milligrams of sulforaphane daily, and 14 received placebos. Behavioral assessments were again completed at four, 10 and 18 weeks while treatment continued. A final assessment was completed for most of the participants four weeks after the treatment had stopped.

Most of those who responded to sulforaphane showed significant improvements by the first measurement at four weeks and continued to improve during the rest of the treatment. After 18 weeks of treatment, the average ABC and SRS scores of those who received sulforaphane had decreased 34 and 17 percent, respectively, with improvements in bouts of irritability, lethargy, repetitive movements, hyperactivity, awareness, communication, motivation and mannerisms.

After 18 weeks of treatment, according to the CGI-I scale, 46, 54 and 42 percent of sulforaphane recipients experienced noticeable improvements in social interaction, aberrant behaviors and verbal communication, respectively.

Talalay notes that the scores of those who took sulforaphane trended back toward their original values after they stopped taking the chemical, just like what happens to those who experience improvements during a fever. “It seems like sulforaphane is temporarily helping cells to cope with their handicaps,” he says.

Zimmerman adds that before they learned which subjects got the sulforaphane or placebo, the impressions of the clinical team — including parents — were that 13 of the participants noticeably improved. For example, some treated subjects looked them in the eye and shook their hands, which they had not done before. They found out later that all 13 had been taking sulforaphane, which is half of the treatment group.

Talalay cautions that the levels of sulforaphane precursors present in different varieties of broccoli are highly variable. Furthermore, the capacity of individuals to convert these precursors to active sulforaphane also varies greatly. It would be very difficult to achieve the levels of sulforaphane used in this study by eating large amounts of broccoli or other cruciferous vegetables.

Prescriptions for fruits and vegetables instead of medication

In Louisville, KY Doctors are using prescription pads for more than just medication these days. The prescriptions have the same goal: to save lives, but instead of medication, it’s written for one share of produce.

“Just because you are small doesn’t mean that you are healthy,” said Meghan Callaway, who just signed up for the Veggie RX program.

Callaway says that’s the story of her life. “I used to say to people in high school…I’m the most out of shape skinny person that you’ll ever meet.”

But change is coming, Callaway and her two children just signed up for a pilot program called Veggie RX. It involves a 6 week healthy living class.

“We’ll be having some great hands on cooking classes, physical fitness training and also food justice classes,” said Karyn Moskowitz, executive director for New Roots.

Moskowitz says the program is administers through the non-profit organization.

“The best prescription for health is to eat five servings of fruits and vegetables a day.”

Callaway’s family was the first to sign up, but more are needed. Moskowitz explained, “We have the opportunity for 40 more families to enter the veggie RX program.”

Moskowitz says just like a regular prescription, the Veggie RX should improve and even save lives. “The goal of the program is to prevent childhood obesity and to promote health and wellbeing.”

Families in the program will have access to fresh greens, cucumbers, tomatoes, yellow squash and more.

“We go directly to the famers,” said Moskowitz. By going directly to local farmer they’re able to cut out the middle man.

Moskowitz said, “So we are able to get large quantities for a very, very affordable price, but for this intervention and this project, families will be able to access the produce for free for six weeks.”

That sounds good to Meghan Callway. Now she is hoping the classes will help her make positive changes and set good example for her children. “I want them to have healthy eating habits and just make healthy lifestyle choices.”

Watch the video at WDRB 41 Louisville News.

Love it!!

Immune Support AND a Solution for Food Allergies?

lab mouse allergyMillions of Americans suffer from food allergies. The number of kids with allergies has doubled in less than one generation. Scientists are trying to figure out what has caused this increase, but one of the directions being looked at closely is changes in our gut microflora.

Our intestines house trillions of bacteria, which have been shown to not only aid in digestion, but influence our overall health, our immune system and even our mood. One of the biggest changes in the gut population occurs when antibiotics are administered. The use of antibiotics has risen dramatically in correlation with allergies so scientists have been trying to determine if there is a correlation.

I know from my own experience that, compared with life before Juice Plus+ when I needed antibiotics 3 or 4 times every single year (I was in the “antibiotic of the month club”), in the last 21 years I have only used antibiotics 3 or 4 times in total. My immune system today is in the best shape of my entire 68 year life – thanks to my gut health, my immune health and Juice Plus+!

In tests on mice, immunology researchers at the University of Chicago were able to demonstrate that exposure to antibiotics early in life led to a higher rate of allergies. When the researchers introduced Clostridia, a type of bacteria that is found in mammalian guts, to the mouths and stomachs of the allergic mice, the allergy disappeared.

While these are very preliminary findings, continued work in this area may eventually lead to probiotics that help treat people with allergies. More information can be found in this article in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Gut empowers your Immune System

Gut health is one of the most reliable indicators of Immune Health.

Since this is flu season, and concern about even more dangerous viruses is constantly in the headlines these days, you would do well to listen to Dr. Matt Brown on the subject.

Matt Brown, MD (Internal Medicine) is an avid, competitive mountain biker and an expert on the human immune system and how our gut health impacts our whole health.

Listen to Dr. Matt here. You’ll be glad you did!

Urban Farming in the Classroom grows a Brighter Future

When you combine education, job training and entrepreneurial skills, food production, and community enhancement, and throw in a little food activism and awareness of the health/diet connection, great things can happen, as educator and inspirational community activist Stephen Ritz has shown.

It’s one thing to take kids from average middle class backgrounds, living in suburbia, and introduce them to gardening and food production as an adjunct to their classroom experience, but it’s another thing entirely to do so in the south Bronx, where kids live in one of the poorest, most disadvantaged, communities in the US. But thanks to the hard work and dedication of people such as Ritz, and his Green Bronx Machine, at-risk youth are learning to not only grow vegetables and herbs right in their neighborhoods and classrooms, but are also gaining valuable experience, training, and job skills by working in an up-and-coming industry, urban farming.

When we learned about the work being done by Ritz and his programs, and how learning about caring for plants and growing food for their classmates and neighbors has led to a much brighter future for everyone involved, what struck us was that, if he can do it in the south Bronx, then those of us living and working in other, more affluent or progressive, areas, can do it as well, helping to grow better outcomes and build stronger and more resilient communities.

“Green Bronx Machine was born of the belief that we are all AMER-I-CANS! Together, we can grow, re-use resources and recycle our way into new and healthy ways of living; complete with self sustaining local economic engines. Inclusively and collectively, each and every member of our society offers a unique perspective with unlimited potential. Together, we can move those who are “apart from” society to become “part of” the driving force behind new solutions benefiting all of us.”

The idea for the Green Bronx Machine came, as many ventures do, from an unexpected angle, when someone sent Ritz a box of daffodil bulbs, which neither he (not being a gardener), nor his kids, knew what to do with. After being stuck behind a radiator in his classroom, for lack of a better place to put them, the daffodils began growing and blooming, at which point the kids in his class got some wild ideas about what to do with them (the boys wanted to give them to the girls for favors, and the girls wanted to give them to other girls, and all of the kids wanted to sell them for money).

Ritz and his class ended up cleaning up a struggling community garden, and planting some 15,000 daffodil bulbs there, which made him realize that he was onto something good, and was the start to his Green Teen Project. An effort by Ritz’ classroom to grow more plants and food in a vacant lot, while a worthwhile endeavor, was fraught with difficulties, as the produce tended to disappear when it was ripe, but a connection he made with people at Green Living Technologies, which used ‘living walls’ grown with LED lights, gave him the ability to move these gardens inside the classrooms and schools, where they could grow food, as well as hope, for these kids.

His group of students, most of whom were marginal or homeless students with criminal backgrounds or learning disabilities, or both, ended up becoming more engaged in school, and wanting to come to class, and the most promising of them were able to get training and be certified in urban farming technology and green building, which led them to taking on private commissions for green walls and roofs.

By collaborating with other local organizations, the Green Bronx Machine has now built over 100 school gardens around New York, which produce food for not only school cafeterias, but also for food pantries and shelters, while also teaching the students about science and math and business, and giving them a leg up for their own future.

Part of what we find inspiring about the story of the Green Bronx Machine, other than the obvious benefits of engaging kids in growing their own food, is that it’s not a top-down solution that imposes a solution from the outside, but rather an inclusive and bottom-up initiative that can bring people together for the common good. As Ritz says, it’s an “us” moment.

“We can come together around this. This is an “us” moment. As a parent, local resident, educator, and citizen, the intention behind all I do is simple: It is easier to raise healthy children than to fix broken men.”

Here’s Ritz’ inspiring talk at our recent Juice Plus+ Conference, which I dare you to watch without getting goosebumps and running right out and starting your own version of this transformational program in your own neighborhood!

As you saw in that video, Ritz has embrace our Tower Garden technology. Why don’t you?!

Mystery Illness Hits More than 1,000 Children



Doctors are concerned a mystery virus that’s sickened more than 1,000 children could become a nationwide outbreak.

Symptoms start out like the common cold but then quickly get worse, sending kids to the hospital because they can’t breathe.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention suspects it’s a rare virus called Human Enterovirus 68, but it hasn’t been officially identified yet. “This could just be the tip of the iceberg” says the CDC. There is no vaccine for it.*

“We’re in the middle of looking into this. We don’t have all the answers yet,” Mark Pallansch, a virologist and director of the CDC’s Division of Viral Diseases, told CNN.

At least 10 states have contacted the CDC about similar cases. A hospital in Colorado has seen more than 900 patients so far and one in Kansas City has reported more than 300 cases.

Doctors say children under 5 years old and those with asthma are the most vulnerable.

* Better than a vaccine: let’s build our kids’ immune systems starting today!

New Program Prescribes Veggies Over Medicine to Combat Childhood Obesity

A new program underway in Louisville is working to combat childhood obesity and related diseases by providing prescriptions for fresh produce, rather than medicine.

The first “Veggie Rx” class started last month, and nine families are taking part. The six-week program includes hands-on cooking classes, discussions on nutrition and food justice and physical fitness. And every participant gets six weeks of free produce.

The program is run by New Roots, a local non-profit that also runs Fresh Stops around Louisville. The Fresh Stops provide local produce on a sliding scale to communities that might otherwise have limited access.

New Roots Executive Director Karyn Moskowitz says Veggie Rx has the potential to change a family’s eating habits, and address health problems at the core. “We see this as a huge leap forward, especially for practitioners who have been prescribing medication very often for the symptoms of diet-related illnesses,” she said.

“What we’re saying is let’s swim upstream together and be able to prescribe food as medicine and prescribe five servings of fruits and vegetables a day, in order to prevent having diet-related illnesses in the first place.”

The program is open to all families, but a main caregiver must commit to attending six consecutive weeks of two-hour classes. Each family also must have one child between the ages of 6 and 13, though older and younger children are also welcome to attend.

After the six-week program is over, Moskowitz says the hope is that families keep participating in Fresh Stops and buying local produce. “So not only are we introducing them to our hands-on cooking class and physical fitness, but we’re introducing them to the whole Fresh Stop concept and the Fresh Stop community,” she said.

When it comes to children’s health, parents want a healthy child and a smart child. Dr.  Bill Sears spoke to this topic recently in Memphis, TN; this was his advice:gofishgoblue